The Australian continent has presented many mysteries to humanity. One of them is associated with the extraordinary climate of this part of the globe and a large number of desert territories, including the Gibson Desert. Its location was the state of Western Australia, and geographically, the land is located south of the so-called Tropic of Capricorn.
Gibson Desert Overview
The area of this desert is more than 155 thousand kilometers; the boundaries of the territory coincide with the boundaries of the plateau. It is composed of Precambrian rocks, and the top cover is natural gravel formed as a result of the destruction of the glandular shell.
Scientists have determined that the average height of the desert is 411 meters above sea level. From the west it is limited by the Hamersli Range, here are also long sandy ridges that run parallel to each other. The same hills can be observed in the eastern part of the desert, and there are also residual ridges here, their height reaches 762 meters above sea level.
In the central part of the desert, the relief is more or less even, and there are also several saline lakes in the desert.
The desert got its name in honor of one of the researchers, although in its history it is a sad fact since the expedition member Alfred Gibson died in these territories trying to find water.
Australian aborigines have been living in the Gibson Desert since time immemorial. They used desert areas for grazing.
European scientists drew attention to the desert in the second half of the XIX century, and then the first attempts were made to cross it, to conduct studies of the relief, soil, rivers, flora and fauna in order to master and adapt to the needs of man. The date of discovery of these desert territories is not precisely established. Scientists say that this happened in 1873 or in 1874. But they call the name of the leader of the first expedition, whose members were able to conquer the desert. The pioneers were the British, led by Ernest Giles.